Through the ages

Skopje is old city and the area on which it lies is inhabited as early as 4000 BC. The town was founded by the Paeonians, tribe that inhabited the region.
Remains of an Neolithic settlements were found on the fortress Kale and along the river Vardar in the north-eastern part of Skopje. On one of this archaeological locations the sculpture of the Great Mother was founded, suggesting the existence of the Cult of the Great Mother Goddess in this region.
On the eve of the I century, the Romans came and conquered the city and settled the Roman army here. Later, when the Roman Empire was divided into eastern and western halves, the city came under Byzantine rule from Constantinople. During the early Byzantine Empire, Skopje and the Orthodox Church made it an episcopal seat.
The archaeological site of Skupi and the Skopje Aqueduct are the two most significant monuments from this period.
Discover Skopje
In 483, the Roman Emperor Justinian I, also known as Saint Justinian the Great, was born in Taor, near present Skopje. He build a new city after the devastating earthquake that almost destroyed Skopje.
After his reign, the city was constantly contested by the surrounding empires. At the end of VII century, the town was captured by the Slavs. Latter, during the time of Tzar Samoil in the X century, Skopje is mentioned as episcopal center.  At the end of XIII century Skopje becomes a part of the medieval Serb state, where Tzar Dusan proclaims Skopje for its capital.
In 1392 Skopje fell under the Ottoman rule for the next 5 centuries. In this period the city gets many ottoman-oriental marks. The city developed in a significant craftsmen and commercial center with many travelers' inns that still exist today in the Old Town, such as Kapan An and Suli An.
During this period the city's symbol Stone Bridge (Kameni Most) was reconstructed and the famous Daud Pasha baths (now a modern art gallery) was built at the end of the 15th century. At this time the city was settled by numerous Jews driven out of Spain, adding to the cultural mix of the town.
In 1689, during the Austrian – Turkish war, Skopje was occupied for a short period of time by the Austrian General Piccolomini. However, as the town was quickly engulfed by the plague, Piceolomini order to burn the city, in order to stamp out the plague.
After the fire and until 19th century the city was struggling. However, the completion of the Skopje—Thessaloniki railway brought many more travelers and traders to the town and by the turn of the century Skopje became a modern railway town.
On 26th of August 1910 in Skopje Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born, the future Mother Teresa. She lived in Skopje until 1928, when she leaves her home town to join the Loreto Sisters in Dublin, Ireland. She is one of the most famous person that were born in Skopje.
After the Balkan Wars(1912-1913), the rule of the Ottomans officially ended and Skopje became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and remained so until World War II. In the period between the World wars, Skopje has expanded and the area from the Stone Bridge to the Railway Station became urban.
With the beginning of World War II, Skopje came under fascist occupation and was later taken over by Bulgarian forces. Macedonian people did not accept the Bulgarian fascist occupation and the national liberation movement raised across the country, with Skopje becoming major center of underground activity.
On 13 November 1944, Skopje was finally liberated. After the liberation, the Second Session of the Antifascist Assembly of National Liberation of Macedonia (ASNOM) was held in Skopje. On this assembly were laid down the broad principles of the Macedonian Republic within the Yugoslav federal system.
The city continue to be prone to natural disasters. First in 1962 was flooded and then in the morning hours on 26th July 1963, Skopje suffered catastrophic damage from a major earthquake that destroy 80% of the city. The clock on the ruined Old Railway Station still shows 5:17 o'clock, the time when the stroke happened.
A major international aid from 78 countries had quickly arrived in the city and Skopje was reconstructed based on the concept from one of the great Japanese architects at that time named Kenzo Tange. 
As the town began to recover, several streets and objects in Skopje were named in honor of the countries which helped in their construction and/or donated housing.
Being rebuilt from ruins thanks to the relief from all around the world, Skopje is often referred to as "The City of Solidarity".
In 1991, Republic of Macedonia declared independence from Yugoslavia with Skopje being the capital city. Since independence, Skopje has been changing rapidly.
In 2002, a 66 meters high Millennium Cross was build on top of Vodno mountain to serve as a memorial of 2000 years of Christianity in Macedonia. In 2010, a cable way with gondolas was constructed that runs to the Cross from the middle of the mountain.
In the same year, the government announced the Skopje 2014 project, which aims to transform the capital in a new and contemporary style. Reason for starting this project is because Skopje was forgotten and left in the past. Since 1963, all the buildings that were build were right after the earthquake and nothing had been seriously changed for about 50 years. Today the city is still working on rebuilding and shaping the new look of Skopje.